Teaching Methodologies

A variety of teaching methodologies are used in Phase 1 foundational science courses.  No more than 50% of contact hours are spent in traditional lectures; the remaining contact hours are spent in group settings, including laboratory, team-based learning (TBL), problem-based learning (PBL), and case-based activities.  Additionally, some content is delivered via online modules.  The group sessions may be used to deliver new content and/or to apply or reinforce content delivered during other sessions.   

The overarching goal of group sessions is to develop students’ skills in: 

  • clinical reasoning 
  • working in teams to solve medical problems 
  • life-long, self-directed learning.   

Types of teaching methods used in Phase 1 include: 

  • Lecture 
  • Laboratory
    • hands-on activities, used especially for anatomic dissection, histological analyses, introduction to techniques
  • Team-based Learning (TBL)
    • structured activities including pre-reading followed by individual and group assessments
    • Resources for TBL
  • Problem-based Learning (PBL)
    • activities in which students work in groups to solve open-ended problems
    • Resources for PBL
  • Case-based Activities
  • Patient panels
    • students gain deeper understanding and hear patient perspective by discussing complex, chronic medical problems with patients who live with those problems and their care givers including family and medical professionals 
  • Large discussions
    • class-wide discussions with panels of experts on a given topic
    • exemplified in IUSM Phase 1 by the Pulmonary Grand Rounds in P1Y2 Renal & Respiratory course. 

AAMC has definitions of various teaching methods

FAPDD has resources on various teaching methods here