A variety of teaching methodologies are used in Phase 1 foundational science courses. No more than 50% of contact hours are spent in traditional lectures; the remaining contact hours are spent in group settings, including laboratory, team-based learning (TBL), problem-based learning (PBL), and case-based activities. Additionally, some content is delivered via online modules. The group sessions may be used to deliver new content and/or to apply or reinforce content delivered during other sessions.
The overarching goal of group sessions is to develop students’ skills in:
- clinical reasoning
- working in teams to solve medical problems
- life-long, self-directed learning.
Types of teaching methods used in Phase 1 include:
- traditional format for delivering content to many students at once
- tips for making lectures interactive
- tips for using audience response systems in lectures
- hands-on activities, used especially for anatomic dissection, histological analyses, introduction to techniques
- Team-based Learning (TBL)
- structured activities including pre-reading followed by individual and group assessments
- Resources for TBL
- Problem-based Learning (PBL)
- activities in which students work in groups to solve open-ended problems
- Resources for PBL
- Case-based Activities
- students work in groups to solve in-depth cases
- Resources for Case Studies
- Patient panels
- students gain deeper understanding and hear patient perspective by discussing complex, chronic medical problems with patients who live with those problems and their care givers including family and medical professionals
- Large discussions
- class-wide discussions with panels of experts on a given topic
- exemplified in IUSM Phase 1 by the Pulmonary Grand Rounds in P1Y2 Renal & Respiratory course.